Politics, Foreign Policy, Current Events and Occasional Outbursts Lacking Couth

This time we delve into the legal conflation of human memory with that of the artificial. Is your computer's hard drive legally an extension of your own biological memory and so subject to the constitutional precondition of "just cause" before being searched? According to one judge, it is:

A couple of years ago, Michael T. Arnold landed at the Los Angeles International Airport after a 20-hour flight from the Philippines. He had his laptop with him, and a customs officer took a look at what was on his hard drive. Clicking on folders called “Kodak pictures” and “Kodak memories,” the officer found child pornography.

The search was not unusual: the government contends that it is perfectly free to inspect every laptop that enters the country, whether or not there is anything suspicious about the computer or its owner. Rummaging through a computer’s hard drive, the government says, is no different than looking through a suitcase.

One federal appeals court has agreed, and a second seems ready to follow suit.

There is one lonely voice on the other side. In 2006, Judge Dean D. Pregerson of Federal District Court in Los Angeles suppressed the evidence against Mr. Arnold.

“Electronic storage devices function as an extension of our own memory,” Judge Pregerson wrote, in explaining why the government should not be allowed to inspect them without cause. “They are capable of storing our thoughts, ranging from the most whimsical to the most profound.”

Computer hard drives can include, Judge Pregerson continued, diaries, letters, medical information, financial records, trade secrets, attorney-client materials and — the clincher, of course — information about reporters’ “confidential sources and story leads.”

But Judge Pregerson’s decision seems to be headed for reversal. The three judges who heard the arguments in October in the appeal of his decision seemed persuaded that a computer is just a container and deserves no special protection from searches at the border. The same information in hard-copy form, their questions suggested, would doubtless be subject to search.


Dan tdaxp said...

Psychologically, yes, and storing data digitally is a matter of metacognition ("I will not be able recall this from long-term memory in the detail I wish, so I will create this image...")

But then again, aren't verbal statements, "Sir, have you broken any laws recently?" extensions of verbal memory, as well?

Jay@Soob said...

Yes and I think the judge is reaching a bit. But then as human societies (hell, even beings) become more integrated with their technology this subject is likely to rise again.